Tradition Public Administration (TPA)
Paradigm of Public Administration or Tradition Public Administration (TPA). Today we try to discuss about the paradigm of traditional public administration (TPA). In this writing is not delivered the details rather than here will touch the main points of discussion topic. The paradigm of traditional public administration (TPA) is five. Such as:-
- Politics-Administrative Dichotomy (1900-1926)
- Principles of Administration (1927-1937)
- Public Administration as Political Science (1950-1970)
- Public Administration as Management (1956-1970)
- Public Administration as Public Administration
Politics-Administrative Dichotomy (1900-1926):
Formerly US President Woodrow Wilson published a book “The Study of Administration”. From this book was created the dichotomy between politics and administration. Here, he included two activities of state. Such as:-
- Politics activities
- Administration activities
About the administration was not detailed from him. But its thinking were accepted two administrators. They were Frank J. Goodnow and L. D. White.
Frank J. Goodnow:
Frank J. Goodnow published a book “Politics and Administration”. Here he mentioned that politics is policy of state and administration is implementation of state policy.
L. D. White:
L. D. White published a book “Introduction to the Study of Public Administration”. It is the first book in the field of public administration. Here he said that politics is separated from administration.
Principles of Administration (1927-1937):
W. F. Willoughby published a book that name is “Principles of Administration”. In this paradigm contributed many administrators to develop the principles of administration. They were Mary Parker Follett, Henri Fayol, James Mooney & Alan Reiley.
|Mary Parker Follett||Creative Experience|
|Henri Fayol||General and Industrial Management|
|James Mooney & Alan Reiley||Principles of Organization|
|Frederick Winslow Taylor||Scientific Management|
TaylorLuther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick published a book “Papers on the Science of Administration”. Here had included the POSDCORB. It is an ideal principles of public administration.
- P = Planning
- O = Organizing
- S = Staffing
- D = Directing
- CO = Cooperating
- R = Regulating
- B = Budgeting
Public Administration as Political Science (1950-1970):
Public administration as political science is the third paradigm of public administration. In this session, public administration was gotten the second status of political science. And public administration was lost its importance to make a separate field or subject.
Public Administration as Management (1956-1970):
In this paradigm, public administration was declined the tendency of the second status of political science. Here coded public administration as proclamation of management.
Although public administration is made from political science, it is passed the childhood life through management to reach the youth life.
Public Administration as Public Administration (1971-till now):
Public administration as public administration is the final paradigm of traditional public administration. Here public administration occupies its core status as a separate studies.
NAPAA (National Association of Public Affairs and Administration); this institute has helped it to reach their position, although till now has many limitation here.